Tutorials | Weft


Woven fabrics are made up of thousands of interlocking yarns. Yarns that run horizontally across the cloth are called weft yarns, and yarns that run perdendicular to the wefts, in the vertical direction, are called warp yarns.

Unlike knit fabrics, which consist of yarns that twist and wind in loops through the cloth, woven fabrics are constructed to adhere to this regular grid of warp and weft yarns. As a consequence, woven fabrics are less elastic than knitted fabrics, and are generally better-suited for applications which require durability and structure, like interiors, upholstery, outerwear, and accessories.

Knit fabric structure

Knitted fabric

Woven fabric structure

Woven fabric

The color and surface texture of a woven cloth is determined by the color of the warp and wefts yarns it contains, and the particular interlocking pattern, or weave structure, of the yarns. The two weave structures offered in Weft Create are satins and twills. Satins have a smooth, regular structure, and are commonly used in bed sheets and blouses. Twills are more textural, and feature a distinctly diagonal appearance – the denim used in blue jeans is an example of a twill.

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